About Port Fairy - HISTORY

A brief overview of European settlement

Although there is conjecture as to the exact date of the naming of Port Fairy, it is agreed that Captain James Wishart named the area after his cutter 'The Fairy'. It is believed that as early as 1810, but more likely 1827-28, Wishart and two seamen named the unsettled area when sailing up the Moyne River in search of fresh water.

The area attracted many sealers, whalers and seamen during the early part of the nineteenth century. A whaling station was established on the island at the river mouth by Penny and Reiby and in 1835 it was purchased by John Griffiths. The island now bears his name.

The whalers were so successful during those years that by the 1840s the supply of whales was exhausted and the whaling station closed.

During the 1830s some of the seamen, such as Griffiths, Charles Mills and Alexander Campbell began to settle the land. It was during the 1840s that Port Fairy began to flourish as a town. James Atkinson had obtained, sight unseen, the "Belfast" Special Survey from the Crown in 1843 and proceeded to lay out a town in that name. Although the town was known as Belfast, the port retained it's original name.

Settlers were encouraged by the richness of the soils and commercial opportunities in the expanding Western District.

By 1857, 2190 people lived in the municipality and Port Fairy became, for a time, one of the busiest ports in the colony; second only to the Port of Melbourne.

In 1887 the town was renamed Port Fairy by a special act of parliament.

 

Shipwrecks

Maritime & Shipwreck Heritage Walk

Mahogany Walking Trail

Interesting Links

The Donnelly Deception and The Mahogany Ship
website

Articles & Maps relating to the settlement of South-Western Victoria, Australia in the 1800's
website

Port Fairy Historical Society
www.historicalsociety.port-fairy.com

Victorian Heritage Register
www.heritage.vic.gov.au

National Library's Exhibition of George Raper
www.nla.gov.au/exhibitions/georgeraper

Port Fairy, Portland & Warrnambool
Genealogy & History
presented by Jenny Fawcett

Richard Osburne and the 'Mahogany Ship' presented by Jenny Fawcett


References and Literature

Port Fairy Tourist Association (1998) Historic Port Fairy on the Shipwreck Coast

Powling JW PORT FAIRY - The First Fifty Years
William Heinemann Australia Pty Ltd

Learmonth NF The Portland Bay Settlement
Baulch Publications, Hawkesdale

Earle W (1896) History of Port Fairy Melbourne